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Aurangabad Travel GuideMalik Ambar, the Prime Minister of Murtaza Nizam Shah II was the one who founded the city of Aurangabad in 1610 on the site of a village by the name of Khirki. In 1626, Fateh Khan, son of Malik Ambar succeeded the throne he named the city as Fatehpur. And when Aurangzeb became the Viceroy of the Deccan he made it his capital and renamed the city as Aurangabad. The city has seen different dynasties and had become one of the most ancient surviving places of the country.
Places to visit in Aurangabad
The Aurangabad caves lie just outside the city. During the 2nd and 6th century the caves were excavated and only the remains are seen now. Totally there are twelve caves portraying the Viharas and among them the most stunning are the 3rd and 7th caves of which the first displays 12 finely carved columns, and sports sculptures portraying scenes from the Jataka tales and the other displays an imposing sculpture of a Boddhisattva praying for deliverance. These caves are splendid in their appearance and structure making it a wonderful tourist spot.
Bibi - Ka - Maqbara
Standing as a fine replica of the Taj Mahal, this wonderfully constructed monument was built in the year 1679 by Aurangzeb's son as a remembrance in the honour of his mother Begum Rabia Durani. This is another perfect example of the beauty of the Mughal architecture.
The inventive watermill built in the 17th century by Malik Amber in 1695 is an ingenious invention. The mill was used to grind grain for the pilgrims and was designed in such a way to generate energy from the water flowing from a mountain close by.
Places to visit around Daulatabad
Built in the 12th century by Bhillama, the king of the Yadav dynasty, the rocking fortress is a wonderful tourist spot. In the past it was known as Devgiri and later named as Daulatabad by Mohammed Bin Tughlaq, Sultan of Delhi. Located about 13 km away from Aurangabad this remarkable fortress lies on top of a pyramid shaped hill that was once the capital city for Tughlaq who was so taken with the loveliness of the fortress decided to make it his capital. Another popular landmark of the place is the 30 metre high Chand Minar built by the Bahmani rulers.
Places to visit around Khuldabad
A few kilometres away from the city of Daulatabad is the blessing spot of Khuldabad where the tomb of Aurangzeb, the last great Mughal emperor lies. The emperor himself had erected a stunning wall around the town of Khuldabad for security and other purposes before his death. The town was an important centre during those periods.
Ghrishneshwar Temple The Ghrishneshwar temple was built by Rani Ahillyabai Holkar, a Maratha princess. The temple is situated about 30 kms from Ellora which is admirably the beautiful temple in the country which is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is one of the twelve 'Jyotirlingas' of India where Lord Shiva is worshipped. The temple stands majestically as the most fabulous example of the medieval temple architecture.
PithalkoraA set of thirteen cave sanctuaries belonging to the 2nd century BC is located about 78 kms from Aurangabad. These caves contain superb carvings of both chaityas and viharas. It is definitely a wonderful location to visit.
Paithan was the ancient capital city of the Satvahanas which is located about 56 kms to the south of Aurangabad. The place is very popular for its Paithani silk saris with exquisite zari borders. It was here the famous Marathi Poet and Saint, Eknath lived and wrote many of his beautiful works. The Jayakwadi dam is another intresting sight located here. Innumerable verities of birds can be found here and it is a splendid place for nature lovers. October and March would be the best time for the activity of bird watching.
This is another important visiting spot for the tourists. It is Maharashtra's largest garden that is designed following the model of three major gardens of the country namely Brindavan Gardens in Mysore, Pinjore in Haryana and the Shalimar in Kashmir. It is an awesome sight to enjoy and entertain.
Bani Begum Gardens
The Bani Begum Gardens is located about 24 kms from the city. Built in various styles, equipped with massive domes, fountains and fluted pillars the garden is a spectacular treat for the eyes. The tomb of Bani Begum, the consort of one of Aurangzeb's sons is placed at the centre of the garden.
Map of Aurangabad
Transportation to Aurangabad
The Aurangabad airport is just 10 kms from the city and links the city directly to Delhi, Jaipur, Udaipur and Mumbai. By rail Aurangabad is directly linked to Pune and Mumbai and to various parts of the country. State Transport buses run from Mumbai, Pune, Ahmednagar, Jalgaon, Shirdi, Nasik and Dhule to Aurangabad. Maharashtra Tourist Development Corporation operates a bus service, and conducts luxury coach tours from Mumbai to Aurangabad.