India Travel Guide

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Map of India

Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan.

Geographic coordinates: 20 00 N, 77 00 E

Map references: Asia

Total: 3,287,590 sq km
Land: 2,973,190 sq km
water: 314,400 sq km

Land boundaries:
Total: 14,103 km
Border countries: Bangladesh 4,053 km, Bhutan 605 km, Burma 1,463 km, China 3,380 km, Nepal 1,690 km, Pakistan 2,912 km

Coastline: 7,000 km

Climate: Varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north

Map of India

India Travel Guide

Terrain: Upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north

Elevation extremes:
Lowest point : Indian Ocean 0 m
Highest point: Kanchenjunga 8,598 m

Natural Resources: Coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone

Land use:
Arable Land: 56%
permanent crops: 1%
Permanent pastures : 4%
Forests and Woodland: 23%
Other: 16% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: 480,000 sq km (1993 est.)

Natural hazards: droughts, flash floods, severe thunderstorms common; earthquakes

Environment International agreements:
Party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94.

Geography - note:
Dominates South Asian subcontinent; near important Indian Ocean trade routes

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